Patient Monitoring involves constant observation and monitoring of the health condition of patients. It also involves tests carried out to detect diseases or infections. The accessories used for patient monitoring are used to convert the details of patients’ health into measurable data. These involve various operations such as cardiac monitoring, body temperature checks, blood glucose tests, respiratory monitoring, neurological monitoring, etc.
The importance of patient monitoring accessories cannot be overemphasized. They have been designed to fit for the workplace so that patients can carry out their jobs and career activities without interference and without neglecting their health.
This is also known as Pulse Oximeters. They use light sensors to record the amount of oxygen in oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. They are also used to check conditions that affect blood levels, such as cardiac arrest (heart attack)
Various devices have been developed and modified to work with mobile devices and operating systems. Modern temperature monitors include not only thermometers but also Bluetooth-enabled accessories that work with Android and iOS operating systems for smartphones, smartwatches, and other modern devices to constantly observe the body temperature of patients.
Blood Pressure Cuffs
Used to take blood pressure measurements as the name implies. The cuffs are equipped with inflatable rubber bladders fastened around the patient’s arm with a pressure meter indicating the wearer’s diastolic and systolic measurements. It also has a small handheld pump for inflating the blood pressure cuffs. Types of blood pressure cuffs include mercury and aneroid cuffs, which are used manually with a stethoscope, and digital blood pressure cuffs, which are automated.
This is mostly used for patients under anesthesia to ensure that a patient has a constant supply of oxygen throughout the procedure. It is also used in emergency medicine to ensure that a patient receives an endotracheal tube (breathing tube). The mechanism of capnography is based on the fact that carbon dioxide (CO2) absorbs infrared radiation.
Electrocardiography (ECG) Cables
Electrocardiography involves a painless test that measures the electrical impulses and activities of the human heart to detect heart conditions & diseases and monitor the state of a patient’s heart. The devices are connected to the body by cables to track the electrical activity that triggers the heartbeat, which starts at the top of the heart and travels to the bottom.
A standard ECG is attached with 12 leads (for cables), of which 6 are placed on the hands and feet. While the remaining 6 are placed on the torso.
Bi-spectral Index Monitor
This machine is commonly used in the ICUs (Intensive Care Units) of hospitals for monitoring the depth of anesthesia. It helps the anesthetist to determine if the patient is receiving the right amount of anesthesia. So, to adjust accordingly in case the supply is not appropriate. The use of BIS monitoring to objectively measure a patient’s intensity of sedation and the patient’s response to sedation has been used in anesthetic medicine for over ten years.
These patient monitoring systems are paramount to maintaining the health of patients, says Sensoronics